The Aga Khan Museum’s collection includes a travelogue of a prominent Chinese Islamic scholar

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The Chao Jin Tu Ji is the travelogue of Ma Fuchu (Image via AKDN /  Aga Khan Museum Online Gallery) The Chao Jin Tu Ji is the travelogue of Ma Fuchu (Image via AKDN / Aga Khan Museum Online Gallery)

The earliest Muslims in China were traders who came to the south eastern ports as part of the Indian Ocean trade as well as along the Silk Route, an ancient network of routes stretching for over six thousand miles from China across Central Asia to the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Muslims of China are generally divided into two groups: the first group consists of descendants of Arab, Persian, Central Asian, and Mongol traders who married Chinese women and settled in small communities around a central mosque – they are known as the Hui. Culturally and historically diverse, the largest concentration of Hui can be found in northwestern China. The second group consists of Muslims belonging to minority groups whose homelands are located in the territories of the former Soviet…

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